Prevention of Torture
Uzbekistan fully complies with the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Specific efforts are made in accordance with basic principles and measures developed by the Committee against Torture in its General Comments and Concluding Remarks developed as the results of our two reports and recommendations of Mr. Theo van Boven, the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture.
In line with Article 1 of the above-mentioned Convention, the definition of “torture” was introduced into the Criminal Code. The Supreme Court of Uzbekistan has adopted a definition of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
On January 17, 2001, an agreement on humanitarian activities for detained or imprisoned persons was concluded between the Government of Uzbekistan and the International Committee of the Red Cross, which was granted access to penal correctional facilities in Uzbekistan.
In May 2004, the Government of Uzbekistan adopted a program directed against the use of torture on the basis of the Convention, which includes the Special Rapporteur’s entire 22 recommendations. So far, 20 recommendations have been completely implemented.
The Forth National Report on Realization of the Provisions of the Convention Against Torture was submitted to the Committee against Torture in December 2011. More than 20 government and nongovernmental organizations actively took part in the preparation process of the National Report.
Within 2004-2010, more than 77 criminal cases have been filed against 110 law enforcement officers, and all of them have been prosecuted and punished under article 235 of the Criminal Code (use of torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment).
Uzbekistan has been demonstrating its willingness to cooperate with all international human rights agencies to include the Committee against Torture and Special Rapporteur. Thus, significant steps have been taken and continued in order to prevent cases of torture.