NEWS AND EVENTS
May 6, 2008
Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
“On the Action Program dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of Adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights”
In 2008 the international community will celebrate the 60th anniversary of adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which has secured the main democratic principles and requirements in the sphere of observing the human rights and freedoms and has become a political and legal framework for establishment of an entire system of international law in this area.
The Declaration has become the first international legal document the Republic of Uzbekistan has joined after gaining independence. Uzbekistan has chosen a path of building democratic and legal state, powerful civil society and identified the human rights and interests as the most important priority of social development and state building, as well as its whole domestic and foreign policy.
For over the years of independence our country has joined 60 main documents on human rights and has become a participant of six main international treaties adopted by the UN in this sphere.
Provisions of the Declaration have been reflected in the articles of Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, national legislation which provides for reliable protection of political, economic, social and cultural rights and interests of human.
Thanks to consistent ongoing market reforms and implementation of wide-scale state social programs such as “Healthy generation”, “Mother and child”, “Year of Health” “Year of Family”, “Year of Social Protection”, “Year of Youth” and others, the country has created all the necessary conditions for universal protection of social and economic rights of human, and, above all, of the children, women, youth and their comprehensive and harmonic development.
The mechanisms of protection of citizens’ political rights and freedoms have been created and are effectively operating. There are more than 5,000 non-government non-profit organizations in the country. The role of political parties in social and state building has significantly enhanced. Independent mass media and other institutions of civil society, which have become a strong factor in enhancing political and social activeness of population, democratic renewal and modernization of the country, are developing in Uzbekistan.
The gradual ongoing process of liberalization of legal system has become an important guarantee of observing human rights. The classification of crimes has been totally changed in Uzbekistan. And the list of serious crimes has been significantly reduced.
As a result, the number of imprisoned in 2007 was more than two-times less compared to the year 2000. There are 138 imprisoned for 100,000 people in Uzbekistan and this number is significantly lower than in the most developed countries of the world.
The measures directed to ensure independence of judicial authority and improve efficiency of judicial protection of citizens\' rights are being implemented step by step. Specialization of courts into criminal, civil and economic ones was realized, as well as the institutions of appeal and cassation of cases and institute of reconciliation were established. Measures to ensure equality of prosecutor and defense lawyer’s rights are also being realized.
An important step to ensure the protection of human rights was the abolition of death penalty from January 2008 in Uzbekistan as well as transfer to courts of the right to issue the arrest warrants.
The system of national human rights institutions were established and are actively operating in the country, such as the Authorized of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Human Rights (Ombudsman), the National Human Rights Center, the Institute for Monitoring the Current Legislation, as well as Divisions on Human Rights Protection, particularly established at the Ministry of Justice, the Office of Prosecutor General, and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The system of continuous education and awareness in the field of human rights has been established. More than twenty specialized magazines and newspapers on human rights protection are being published in Uzbekistan in the circulation of thousands of copies. The legislative basis of human rights protection is being studied at all schools, colleges and lyceums as well as higher education institutions.
Uzbekistan gradually and firmly fulfills its international obligations in the sphere of human rights, regularly provides its periodic national reports on these issues to relevant conventional UN bodies. The government bodies, civil society institutions, self-government bodies, media and directly the citizens are involved in implementation of recommendations.
Supporting the Message of the UN Secretary-General on the occasion of Human Rights Day and with a goal to further improve the system of organizational, legal and legislative measures aimed at ensuring the reliable protection of human rights and freedoms:
1. The Action Program on the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in line with Annex ¹1, shall be approved.
It shall be considered as the most important task of government organizations and agencies, public associations and media to actively participate at the events dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which is the most important international legal instrument that embodies democratic values and ideals of human development.
2. The staff of Special Commission on implementation of the Action Program on the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in line with Annex ¹2, shall be approved.
The main tasks of Special Commission shall be defined as follows:
- coordination of work of state bodies and institutions, self-government bodies of citizens, civil society institutions and media on implementation of activities outlined in the Action Program dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
- organization of intensive media coverage of events dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, considerable work being accomplished in Uzbekistan to deepen democratic, social, economic and political reforms, the end goal and condition of realization of which is human as well as his rights and freedoms;
- providing for the close interaction with international organizations, firstly, with the United Nations institutions on active participation of representatives of Uzbekistan at international events dedicated to the 60th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
3. Legislative Chamber and Senate of Oliy Majlis of Republic Uzbekistan and Cabinet of Ministers shall realize in 2008-2009 measures on preparation and consideration of drafts of legislative acts directed to further bettering the legal base of protection of political, social and economic rights as well as freedoms of citizens along with securing unconditional implementation of legislative acts adopted in this sphere.
4. Ministry of Justice in conjunction with the Office of Prosecutor General, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education, Center for Spiritual Propaganda at the Republican “Ma’naviyat va Ma’rifat” (Spirituality and Enlightenment) Kengash (Council) throughout 2008 shall provide for publication and broad circulation among population of series of brochures, textbooks, public and political print materials on explaining the main provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, foundations of national legislation in the sphere of protection of political, social, economic and cultural rights as well as interests of citizens.
5. Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education, Ministry for Public Education along with the Youth Public Movement “Êàmolot” shall:
- organize on systematic basis with involving the leading experts and scientists the roundtables, seminars, lectures on in-depth study at educational institutions and among the youth of Uzbekistan the state policy on providing for protection of human rights and interests, creation of social, economic and political conditions needed for comprehensive human development, active participation of youth in building the new society, ensuring security and prosperity of Homeland;
- on December 10, 2008 hold the nationwide class at all schools, lyceums, colleges and higher educational institutions of Uzbekistan dedicated to the 60th anniversary of adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
6. The Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education shall provide for introduction the special training programs into curricula of higher educational institutions on training and retraining journalists that would envisage the study of domestic and international experience on media involvement in the protection of human rights given the requirements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
7. The Civil Society Studies Institute in conjunction with Institute of Monitoring Current Legislation of the President of Republic Uzbekistan, Authorized of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan on Human Rights (Ombudsman), National Human Rights Center in three-month’s time shall critically analyze the work of Human Rights Protection Divisions established at the Ministry of Justice, Office of Prosecutor General, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and make proposals on measures directed to further increase efficiency of such work.
8. The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan in one month’s time shall elaborate and in 2008 implement the package of measures on state support of the activity of national institutions on human rights, strengthening the material and technical basis, creation of relevant conditions required for effective activity of the branches of the Authorized of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan on Human Rights (Ombudsman), National Human Rights Center, and other institutions.
9. Taking into account the communication of the UN Office of High Commissioner on Human Rights, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall allocate 100 thousand USD as a voluntarily contribution of Uzbekistan to the UNHCHR Special Fund in order to support the UN efforts in practical implementation of main goals of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
10. The Uzbek Agency for Press and Information, National Television and Radio Company, Uzbekistan National News Agency, mass media shall prepare thematic programs and publications on comprehensive coverage of the course of implementation of the Action Program dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
11. The Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoev shall be entrusted with responsibility to control over execution of this Decree.
of the Republic of Uzbekistan
City of Tashkent
May 1, 2008