NEWS AND EVENTS
August 9, 2007
To the 16th anniversary of Independence
of the Republic Uzbekistan
ALONG THE PATH OF CONSISTENT REFORMS, MAINTAINING
THE COUNTRY?S STABILITY AND PROSPERITY OF THE NATION
The declaration of the state independence of Uzbekistan by the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov on August 31,1991 has become a significant landmark in the new history of Uzbekistan. The period of 16 years is small for the history. But for over this short period of time, the appearance of the whole country has changed completely. The Uzbek people are full of noble plans and high ideas, and they are aiming to the new achievements.
The development of democracy and institutions of civil society has become the main priority in building the new life in Uzbekistan. This choice has been enshrined in the Main law of the country ? the Constitution. It envisages that the people of Uzbekistan aim to establish the humane democratic lawful state and confirm their commitment to the ideals of democracy and social justice. In this, Uzbekistan fully realizes that given the conditions of globalization the unique national models of advancement towards democracy in a particular country, which fully consider the history, traditions, rites, religion, mentality and psychology of the people play a growingly significant role.
The historically not-big fifteen years-long experience of Uzbekistan in undertaking the democratic transformations give us today the confidence to speak about that the chosen path of building the civil society has become the basis of all ongoing reforms in the country.
Modernization, privatization and liberalization - these capacious concepts and values embody the core of the onward reforms in Uzbekistan. The structural transformations in the Uzbek economy are directed at addressing the problems in the sphere of effective processing of the agricultural raw products and rich mineral recourses, maintaining the country?s fuel energy and food independence. The vanguard of the industrial development of Uzbekistan has become the new spheres of manufacturing such as an automobile industry, oil and chemical and gas processing, textile and light industry. Certainly, the further growth of economy is provided by the increase in the volume of capital inflows and foreign investments, which are on the outcomes of the first half of 2007 rose by 1,9 times against the same period last year. About 85% of them have been the direct investments.
The distinctive feature of modernizing, reforming, and liberalizing the country is that they are all directed at increasing the standards of the population?s life ? the objectives, which have gained a special significance and urgency this year, which has been declared as the ?Year of Social Protection? upon the initiative of President of Uzbekistan. At the same time, it is deeply understood in Uzbekistan that the main goal and the pushing force of cardinal changes in the country is the person, his harmonic development and prosperity.
Another essential direction of democratic renovation and modernization of the country has become a step-by-step liberalization of the judicial system. In this context, the measures on liberalization of criminal and criminal procedural legislation have had not only an enormous social, but also social and political importance. In accordance with legislative acts, the classification of crimes has been changed. Over 73% of crimes have been removed from the category of grave and heinous crimes onto the category of crimes, which do not pose a considerable public threat. This has allowed to broader use the types of penalties, which are not related to deprivation of freedom. Now it has become more possible to apply the economic sanctions instead of detention with regard to the people, who commit the crimes in the sphere of economy. The institute of reconciliation of sides has been introduced in the penal legislation.
In this, the decrees of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan ?On abolishing the death penalty in the Republic of Uzbekistan? and ?On transferring to courts the right to issue the arrest warrant?, as well as the approval by the Senate of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan of the related laws ?On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan with regard to abolishment of death penalty? and ?On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan with regard to transferring to courts the right to issue the arrest warrant? have become a significant step in the context of gradual liberalization of the penal legislation. The adoption of such decisions in the country is a convincing proof of Uzbekistan?s commitment to the consistent path of reforming, democratic renewal and liberalization of society, as a whole.
For over the last years, the strong political foundation has been established in the country. The scope of opportunities for the citizens to take an active part in the state governing has extended; the principles of delegating the powers of citizens to the bodies of power and the system of a multiparty has been implemented in practice. The factions of political parties have been formed in Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan.
The Constitutional law initiated by President Islam Karimov on strengthening the role of political parties in the renewal and further democratization of state governance and modernization of the country, as well as the law of Uzbekistan on introducing the amendments to particular articles of the Constitution of Uzbekistan (Art. 89; clause 15 of Art.93; p.2 of Art. 102) became a logical continuation of the ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan on further democratization of society and the proof of the consistent nature of transformations aimed at establishment and development of bases of civil society. Thus, in accordance with the aforementioned documents, in the recent session of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan the lawmakers had elected the Deputy Speakers from the leaders of the political party factions represented in the Lower House of parliament.
During the years of independence, the international prestige of Uzbekistan has seen its significant growth. Uzbekistan develops the equal and mutually beneficial cooperation with foreign countries and carries out a gradual transition to the world standards. At the moment, Uzbekistan is an equal member of such prominent international organizations as the UN, Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC), Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), as well as other prestigious international economic and financial establishments.
Uzbekistan is the country of ancient civilization. Thousands of archeological and arts monuments have been preserved on its territory. Since the country gained independence the attitude towards the past, national history, spiritual values and traditions had totally changed. The people?s holidays and rites are being revived; the national self-realization and dignity of representatives of all nationalities residing in Uzbekistan is being strengthened.
The commemorations of landmark dates, which have become a good tradition, play an enormous role in the development of the national self- consciousness and spirituality. For over the past several years, upon the decision of UNESCO the 2500th anniversary of the world-famous ancient cities of Bukhara and Khiva, the 2700th anniversary of the city of Karshi, and the 670th anniversary of the outstanding statesman and commander Amir Temur have been broadly celebrated. The forthcoming celebrations of the 2750th anniversary of Samarkand, the 2000th anniversary of Marghilan as well as International Conference ?Uzbekistan?s contribution to the development of Islamic civilization? due in Tashkent and Samarkand vis-à-vis announcement of Tashkent as the capital of Islamic culture in 2007 by the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) will undoubtedly broadly resonate internationally and serve as a convincing proof of that significant contribution of Uzbekistan and its people to the development of the world Islamic civilization.
In the framework of celebrations of the aforesaid jubilee and landmark dates the considerable work is now being accomplished on construction, repairing and reconstruction of a number of sites of religious worship. Thus, in accordance with the Resolution of the President of February 20, 2007 ?On the support of the Khazrati Imam Public Fund?, the enormous work has been accomplished in Tashkent for over the record period of time ? the four months - on the construction, repairing and bettering this complex. Besides, the improvement and betterment works are also underway in the cities of Samarkand and Marghilan on the eve of the jubilee dates.
To sum, the traversed not a long but the path equal to decades of independent development of Uzbekistan confirms the rightness of the chosen path ? the one of onward reforms, maintaining the stability of the country and prosperity of the people.
And the mainframe of this course is that the long-term and strategic task stays unchanged ? that is to firmly, gradually and without a stray continue on the path of democratic building and establishing the civil society, intensifying the market reforms and strengthening the democratic reforms in the consciousnesses of the people.