March 28, 2014
Everyone to Get a Job
Thls year, more than 495, 200 students graduate from professional colleges. An Uzbekistan Today correspondent talked about their future with Abdukhalil Rahmonov, head of the department for employment at the Center of Secondary Special and Professional Education.

- Apparently, the experts of the Center of Secondary Special and Professional Education are confident in the prospective demand for college graduates?

- Sure. We were confident three years ago, when the young people just enrolled in colleges. Admission quota is compiled annually based on prognosis on staffing needs of existing and establishing enterprises, and development plans of the economy sectors of the regions. At the same time, the specialists engaged in the admission, always remember that the last word on their future is said by students themselves.

This year, according to the regional programs for employment and assisting the employment more than 900 thousand jobs are getting created in the country. In this case, the employment of college graduates is the priority.

Approximately 80 percent of them are employed. Last year, 44 percent of graduates got their professional job. Part of the graduates decided to get trained specialties similar to theirs. About ten percent of the graduates go to higher education institutions. In recent years, the number grows of those who took out a bank loan and started their own business.

- How enterprises are ready to cooperate with colleges in the organization of practical trainings of students and their employment? - Sustainable development of each enterprise is connected with the need to address staffing issues. After all, we are all people: someone retires, someone moves to another job, young men go into the army. So they need a replacement. At the enterprises they are well aware this, so the majority of them cooperate with colleges willingly. Trilateral agreement is signed beforehand between students, schools and employers, according to which the student is provided with a place for practical training, and then employed. The practical training helps employers and future graduates to get accustomed to each other. Enterprises have more than 21 thousand rooms meant for conducting workshops. Best experienced teachers and practicing specialists answer the questions of students. In recent years, the number of pragmatic directors increases, who are already in this period select the best students and sign with them employment contracts before they take their diplomas. This strengthens the system of targeted training of specialists. Last year, 54.1 percent of college graduates got jobs, where they underwent internship. It is rather high rate. Job fairs also help young people to find job.

- You mentioned that the number of graduates increases who have received loans from banks to start their own business...

- Last year, it was planned that banks allocate college graduates preferential loans for 53.5 billion soums (Currency rates of CB from 28.03.2014 1$=2257.30 soums)., and issued more than 63 billion.

Over 14,4 thousand graduates become entrepreneurs. This year, after studying the plans of students, it has been decided to al locate preferential loans for 160 billion soums. It means that 32-35 thousand young people are to join the ranks of entrepreneurs.

- What kind of help can expect a third-year student for to become an entrepreneur?

- First of all, in recent years teaching the basics of economics and business disciplines has improved. Good results are obtained by conducting special seminars for those who decided to become an entrepreneur. Seminars in regions are to be organized by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Kamolot Public Youth Movement, and commercial banks. At these meetings, students learn to develop business plans, receive legal and other advice on the business organization.

Most often graduates implement their business in projects, which allow to quickly rise, get profit, pay off the bank, and continue developing their business. Many start their business in livestock, beekeeping, and services. Ladies launch sewing workshops, tailoring shops, beauty parlors, and pastry shops. In recent time, graduates start launching mini-productions. Last year, it was launched several shops for production of meat and dairy products.

Majority of those successfully paid off their loans return to the bank and take on a loan of larger sum. Thus, the first \'credit history\' becomes a kind of school for the novice businessman, which makes it possible to believe in themselves, and decide on implementing larger-scale projects. (Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)


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