December 11, 2017
The Constitution of Uzbekistan is the foundation of the future
The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, adopted on 8 December 1992, the Basic Law of the country, which declared complete rejection of the command-administrative, distributive, totalitarian system and determined the most important principles, goals, tasks and norms of a new state and society, plays a huge role in our life.
Uzbekistan, which, as part of the Soviet Union was one of the most backward republics with a low economic potential and standard of living, a raw material appendage that mainly supplied cotton, within a historically short period turned into a modern state with a steadily developing multi-structure economy, and it is an objective reality that prompts admiration of many leading international analysts and experts.
Our Constitution is the legal and legislative basis for building an independent, sovereign democratic state, establishing the priority of private property in a multi-structure market economy and ensuring its protection, as well as the formation of a civil society in the country where human interests, rights and freedoms become the highest value.
The Constitution and the legislation created on its basis, the amendments introduced into it in 2011 and 2014 formed the basis of a deeply thought out long-term program for reforming, democratizing and liberalizing our society, radical structural transformations and modernization of the country recognized in the world as the Uzbek Model for development, which, without any exaggeration, was a powerful foundation for the formation of a modern, dynamically and steadily developing state.
For twenty-five years now, the Basic Law has been a solid foundation for building a democratic state with a rule of law, a strong civil society, developing an economy based on free market relations and the priority of private property, and finding Uzbekistan a worthy place in the international community. All achievements for the years of independence are the result of strict compliance with the Constitution and the documents adopted on its basis.
The strategy of actions in five priority areas of development was, in fact, an important program for implementing the provisions of the Constitution. In the Year of Dialogue with the People and of Human Interests, the interaction of state bodies with the population has radically changed; new forms of communication with people are being introduced. In practice, the system of accountability of officials is firmly established, thereby strengthening the constitutional principle that state power is exercised in the interests of the people. The main postulate proclaimed the idea "It is not that the people should serve government agencies, but state bodies should serve the people".
Since the beginning of this year, in accordance with the Strategy of Actions, cardinal reforms in the judicial and legal sphere have been implemented aimed at ensuring the supremacy of the Constitution and laws. A unified supreme judicial body, specialized courts have been created: in criminal, civil, as well as economic and administrative cases, which ensures the accessibility of justice for every person. The liberalization of criminal legislation continues. A large-scale work has been launched to combat crime and prevent crime.
Only until the end of 2017 is planned the implementation of 649 investment projects. New mechanisms for the protection of private property and the rights of entrepreneurs have been introduced. In particular, on the initiative of the head of state, the Institute of Business Ombudsman was established. New enterprises, free economic zones are being created. In agriculture, the optimization of crop areas continues, aimed at ensuring food security in the country.
The Basic Law stipulates that in our country the highest value is a person. Therefore, one of the most important priorities of the Strategy of Actions is the radical improvement of the social sphere. Successive measures are being taken to provide citizens with work, affordable housing. Modernization of housing and public utility services, social infrastructure. The system of social protection of the population and public health is being improved. In rural areas, large-scale construction of residential areas and roads is under way, reconstruction of existing ones. It improves the heat and water supply of the population. Cardinal changes take place in the education system.
From the grand rostrum of the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly, the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev stated about the desire of our country to fully ensure the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of the individual, the intention to become an important and significant part of the international community, that our country remains committed to a peaceful foreign policy based on mutually beneficial cooperation and friendship. The provision of the Basic Law remains unshakable that in our country everyone has the same rights and freedoms and is equal before the law, regardless of nationality, language, religion, convictions. The implementation of the Constitution over the years of independence has become an important factor in preserving interethnic, interfaith harmony and civil peace in our country. It is the basis of our whole life, the main guideline for further reforms.
For example, one of the most important constitutional rights of citizens of our country is the right to apply. At the international legal level, it correlates with the provisions of Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which clearly demonstrates Uzbekistan's focus on the establishment of a democratic rule of law.
The right to appeal, being inalienable for every citizen, plays an important role in the system of mechanisms for the implementation of direct democracy. It is not only a means of ensuring and protecting citizens' rights and freedoms, but also a peculiar means of public control over the activities of state governance institutions and various spheres of public life.
Work with citizens' appeals in Uzbekistan received a new meaning and content with the start of the course aimed at organizing a direct dialogue with the population, ensuring the functioning of a qualitatively new and effective system of work with the appeals of individuals and legal entities. Developing effective experience of Virtual Reception (today the number of applicants is approaching the figure of 1.5 million), the head of state in December 2016, by his decree, forms a new institution of the system of interaction of state bodies with citizens - the People's Reception rooms of the President. He became an effective mechanism in the implementation of the unconditional implementation of the constitutional rights of citizens to appeal to the President, the Parliament, the presidential apparatus, the government, state administration bodies, judicial, law enforcement and supervisory bodies, local authorities and economic management.
A significant trend in the practice of ensuring the constitutional right of citizens to treatment in Uzbekistan was the active use of modern information and communication technologies in this activity. Already now, when appealing to the bodies of state power and administration, local hokimiyats citizens have the opportunity to do this remotely, in electronic form. In this case, electronic documents, documents in video and audio format can be sent as materials for consideration. The “Virtual reception of citizens” service is open on all sites of state bodies, including bodies of representative and judicial power.
The practice of visiting people at their place of residence by deputies of various levels, as well as by officials of state power and government bodies, has become widespread. During such meetings, a frank dialogue with the population is conducted, their pressing problems are clarified and resolved.
It is very important that over the past time the society has realized that the effective system of working with citizens' appeals, created at the initiative of the head of state, is determined by global and systemic priorities. The main criterion for evaluating the performance of an official is now not the abstract statistical indicators, but how effective he reacts to the problems raised in citizens' appeals.
The fundamentals of the statehood of each country, political, socio-economic life, its development, first of all, is regulated by laws. In this sense, the role of the Constitution in the colossal transformations in the country is incomparable.
A few days ago in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, at the initiative of the faction of the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, a "round table" was organized on the theme "The Constitution is the basis for building a legal democratic state and a free civil society".
The purpose of the event is to educate the youth in the spirit of patriotism, to respect the laws, to further activate the activity of the party's assets and members of the deputy associations in achieving the rule of law, to make a worthy contribution to further enhancing the legal culture of citizens by actively promoting the essence and significance of the Constitution on the ground with the participation of the general public events and meetings.
The head of state in his speech at the solemn meeting dedicated to the 24th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, especially noted that over the past period, based on the principles and rules enshrined in the Constitution, a national legislative system has been formed in our country. This system served to enhance the socio-economic, political and military potential of our country, the foundation of effective reforms implemented in all spheres of our life.
At the present time, the reforms carried out by the head of the country are primarily based on human rights and freedoms, and legitimate interests. For this reason, the results of ongoing reforms on the path of human interests today also receive recognition on an international scale.
Speakers also drew attention to the history of the adoption of the Basic Law. It was noted that, paying attention to the complex and important, at the same time, honorary stage of the constitution of Uzbekistan is the result of the people's research on the way to the independence of the country.
Also at the event it was stressed that the head of state this year was declared the Year of Dialogue with the People and of Human Interests, as a result of which an effective system of citizens' dialogue with government bodies and departments was established, which also became a unique example of the priority principle "human interests above everything else”.
Further, the essence and meaning of the Presidential Decree "On Measures for the Basic Improvement of the State Support System for Persons with Disabilities" was informed. In particular, it was noted about the envisaged measures for providing conditions for disabled people, obtaining their education and providing employment, medical and social rehabilitation, production of prosthetic and orthopedic products and technical rehabilitation facilities. It was argued that the reforms in this direction fully correspond to the interests of the entire population.
Besides, the deputies noted that the report of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the video-conference with the representatives of the chambers of the Oliy Majlis, political parties and the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, the work carried out in the framework of ensuring their implementation, attests to raising the level of efficiency of activities on the path of human interests to a new level.
The participants of the roundtable discussion received answers to the questions they were interested in, as well as were informed of the innovations in the legislation. The event was organized in a discussion format, resulting in interesting suggestions, opinions and recommendations on the above issues.
Tashkent has recently hosted an international scientific-practical conference "The role and importance of the Constitution in the construction of a democratic rule of law". It was devoted to the 25th anniversary of the Constitution of the country.
The forum was organized in accordance with the Decree of the President of our country "On measures to prepare and hold the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan" of June 20, 2017 by the Constitutional Court of the Republic, the chambers of the Oliy Majlis, the Ministry of Justice, the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Project Coordinator OSCE in our country.
Members of our country's parliament, representatives of judicial and law enforcement agencies, ministries and departments, scientific institutions and civil society institutions, leaders and specialists of constitutional courts and bodies of constitutional control of such countries as the Republic of Korea, Russia, Turkey, Indonesia, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, as well as international experts.
At the international conference, it was about revealing the role and significance of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which is a unique example of the political thinking of our people, in solving the tasks set and thereby strengthening the country's independence, and studying the experience of constitutionalism in developed democracies.
Chairman of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis N. Yuldoshev, Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Republic B. Mirboboyev, OSCE Project Coordinator in Uzbekistan J. MacGregor and others noted that Uzbekistan's achievements in the years of independence, great achievements and high levels, accelerated development rates testify to the vitality and potential of our Constitution the country, the thoroughness of the principles and norms embodied in it.
Speakers and participants noted that in the years of independent development, our Basic Law has become a solid foundation for building a legal democratic state, a strong civil society, an economy based on free market relations and the priority of private property, creating a peaceful and prosperous life for our people, obtaining Uzbekistan a worthy place in the international arena.
The consistent reform of all spheres in accordance with the Strategy of Actions on the five priority development directions of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017-2021, the establishment of a system of dialogue with the people, the activities of the Virtual and People's Reception Centers of the President of Uzbekistan serve to further broaden the implementation of the principles of the Basic Law, in article 2 of the rule that the state expresses the will of the people and serves its interests.
Conducted in accordance with the Constitution, reforms in the areas of improving state and public construction, ensuring the rule of law and further reforming the judicial and legal system, developing and liberalizing the economy, developing the social sphere, ensuring security, religious tolerance and interethnic accord, implementing a balanced, mutually beneficial and constructive external politicians contribute to building a legal democratic state and a strong civil society in Uzbekistan.
As foreign experts noted, the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, in full accordance with the requirements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other major international documents, reliably guarantees human rights and freedoms, and creates the necessary conditions for its spiritual growth and comprehensive harmonious development. Reforms in the judicial and legal sphere implemented in our country play an important role in raising this work to a new level.
According to Zukhtu Arslan, President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Turkey, in the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Year of Dialogue with the People and Human Interests, a profound meaning is embodied. The Basic Law of Uzbekistan was adopted in accordance with the best international experience in the field of human rights, as well as successes in the history of Uzbek national statehood, in particular, Amir Temur's slogan "Strength - in Justice". This is the main factor in raising the process of building a democratic rule of law to a higher level, ensuring the principles of social justice and legality in society.
- In Uzbekistan, work worthy of attention is being carried out to protect democratic values and to introduce them into the way of life of citizens, says Arif Khidoyat, Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia. - The current international conference provided an opportunity to share experience with representatives of constitutional refereeing bodies in strengthening effective protection of human rights and freedoms and ensuring constitutional justice, since the Constitutional Courts occupy a special place in the process of modernizing the legal system.
The creation of a single Supreme Court in our country, a new body of the judicial community - the Supreme Judicial Council, aroused particular interest among foreign experts. In their opinion, all this will significantly strengthen the guarantees of judicial protection of the rights of individuals and legal entities, entrepreneurs.
The adoption of the law "On the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan" contributes to the further strengthening of the role of constitutional justice in ensuring reliable protection, strengthening the guarantees of the rights and freedoms of citizens, and the establishment of the rule of law in society.
- The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Korea and the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan have established consistent cooperation. The state visit of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev on November 22-24 of this year in our country marked the beginning of a new stage in the development of relations and in the judicial and legal sphere, said acting President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Korea Yi-Su Kim. - At the conference, we thoroughly examined the ongoing reforms to improve constitutional refereeing in Uzbekistan. In particular, giving the Constitutional Court the authority to annually submit to the Chambers of the Oliy Majlis and the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan information on the state of constitutional legality in the country, will contribute to the further improvement of the organizational and legal mechanisms for ensuring the principle of the supremacy of the Constitution.
The conference heard reports on the observance of the principles of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the implementation of the norms of international law and the best practices of developed countries in the construction of a rule-of-law state and civil society, and advanced international experience in modernizing the state and society on the basis of constitutional provisions.
(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)